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War and Terror: Plans to reshape Middle East|
Posted on Sunday, September 29 @ 20:54:04 UTC
by Sergei Alekseev, www.kavkaz.org|
Iraq is a state created after the First World War by the victors on the ruins of the Ottoman Empire. Iraq has the population of 23 million. 80 percent are Arabs and up to 16 percent are Kurds, and you should also add Turkmen and Armenian minorities.
The majority of the Iraqis, at least 55%, are Shiites, 45 percent are Sunni minority, Kurds being among them. The head of the state Saddam Hussein is a Sunni. According to the Constitution, since 1970 the country has been a democratic republic. Saddam Hussein has been in power since 1979.
He is the President of the country, as well as the Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council and the Commander-in-Chief of Iraqi Armed Forces. The power is concentrated in the Revolutionary Command Council. National Assembly (250 seats) has only recommending functions. Iraq has the second largest oil reserves in the world. Before the war of 1991 Iraq was the number two exporter of oil products to the world market (Saudi Arabia being number one).
The root of Iraqi evil is not in Saddam Hussein, as it is now presented in the mass media. Some evil demon, 'the number one enemy' of the US, accomplice and creditor of all sorts of terrorist organizations, and so on and so forth. His person is the simplest explanation for Washington's military operation against Iraq, which is being currently planned. However, Saddam is not the only dictator in the region. There was never a lack in ambitious and unpredictable politicians here. The ruler of Syria or the leader of Libya are far from being examples of democratic leaders. But objective conditions do not allow them to raise up to the demonic level of Saddam. Syria does not have any oil, and hence there are no petrodollars, and Libya has a lack of human resources. Saddam however did not only manage to create a numerous army, but he also equipped it with high-tech weapons. Actually, the US problem in the region is not in Saddam, but in Iraq itself, which gave rise to Saddam. One of the Mideast politicians once noted that the victor states which were dividing this region after the WW 1 drew the boundaries in such a way so that the oil and people would end up in different countries. Iraq became an exception.
The Persian Gulf war of 1999, so-called Desert Storm, was going on under the aegis of the UN. With its resolution, the Security Council gave the 'anti-Iraqi coalition' the mandate to use military force. Back then the Americans gathered 28 countries under their banners. That war demonstrated the heterogeneity of the Iraqi society. When the Western troops under the command of American General Norman Schwarzkopf blocked main Iraqi units in the South, then Kurdish rebellions in the north and Shiites' rebellions in the South broke out. Only Central Iraq, inhabited predominantly by Sunni Arabs, remained under Baghdad's control. But back then the uncontrollable collapse of the country was not a part of the US plans, and it could give rise to bigger problems, and searches for alternatives to Saddam led nowhere. The operation against the central government was stopped, remnants of the Iraqi troops were let out of the encirclement and they were given the chance to finish off the rebels. But not to the very end. While trying to maintain tension in the country and some sort of a control over it, the Americans took southern and northern parts of the country under their custody, when they banned the Iraqi aircraft from flying over these territories.
Saddam's attempts to regain control were thwarted by the air strikes of American and British Air Force. In order to achieve the maximum weakening, the UN introduced a large-scale trade embargo on Iraq under the US pressure since 1991, and today it has turned into a humanitarian catastrophe. There is a catastrophic shortage of means to get food or medicine from the implementation of Oil for Food Program. Government is incapable of fighting starvation and illnesses, from which millions of children already died.
And so 10 years went by since the Desert Storm, and the US declared about its readiness to solve the 'Mideast problem' and finally appropriate the richest oilfields of Iraq and establish complete personal control over the entire Mideast region.
On the pages of the Babil newspaper Iraqi President's Advisor Abderrazaq Duleimi appealed to the Arabs who, as Baghdad is assured, "must reject the aggressive policies of the US, get down to the point, take practical actions and create real threat to the American interests in the region, especially in the area of oil".
The Iraqi government believes that the Arab states must announce their readiness "to protect their sovereignty and their future in a military way" while facing the American threats. "Today the U.S. targets Iraq, and tomorrow it will target other Arab countries", as the newspaper claims.
But, oh well, such appeals are most apparently doomed to be left unanswered, since the majority of Arab countries preferred to take care of their own up-to-the-minute 'security' and they do not wish to look into the future. And judging from the latest reports from the Middle East, Baghdad will be deprived of even political support in their fight against American hegemony. Egyptian Foreign Minister, Ahmed Maher, already made a statement that his government will support the US strike on Iraq, as long as it's carried out with the UN sanctions. Foreign Minister of Saudi Arabia stated that the Kingdom "will have to comply", if the US will require bases to conduct strikes on Iraq with the UN sanctions. Comments, given by Prince Saud al-Feissal during his interview with CNN, speak about a radical change in the Saudi position. Prince mentioned: "everybody must comply with the UN resolutions".
Jordanian officials publicly condemned the appeal to conduct a strike on American installations in case of the US attack on Iraq, with which Iraq's Vice-President Yassin Ramadan addressed the Arab states earlier this week. On September 15th the Al-Hayat newspaper reported that Jordanian authorities started to deny the access to the Kingdom for Iraqi citizens. The Jordanian Minister of Information Mohammed al-Adwan stated that Jordan will not allow mass inflow of refugees, "whether it would be from the East or the West", he stated: "we are full of resolve to protect our borders". In other words - let as many Iraqis as possible die under the US bombs. And the UN will have no objection to give a sanction - the UN will stamp any piece to paper that the US hands it.
The allies are already starting to gradually slip off the positions of silent disapproval or restraint in their assessment of Washington's military plans towards partially or fully approving them. Spain and Italy already stated about such support. Parliamentary elections will soon be held in Germany and we will witness a sharp turn in its government's attitude towards the Iraqi problem. South Korean Defense Ministry official told about "specific issues being considered regarding providing free rear or other support of the US military operation". He mentioned that the US and South Korea "are already conducting the talks on these particular issues".
The Circle is locked. The U.S. said that Iraq must be annihilated, the world community responded - affirmative! And Baghdad's consent received in the Security Council on unconditional and immediate visit by "UN military inspectors" will not save it. As soon as the UN approval was received, the U.S. immediately reacted with the additional demand for Baghdad to reimburse Kuwait for the losses inflicted on it by the war of 1991, and that consent was declared to be no more than Saddam Hussein's trick. The U.S. does not need a mighty state present, which would be able to oppose its interest in this important region and serve as an example for other Arab countries in standing up for their independence, their interests, and their national identity. And therefore a reshaping of the borders has been prepared for the Middle East.
In his pocket Bush does not have the leader loyal to the US and able to hold the entire Iraq in stability. Therefore Iraq will most likely be divided into three parts - Shiite South, Sunny Center and Kurdish North. And in order to give that process a steady flow, Iraq's Shiite South will go to Kuwait. The center, from which the US will prudently cut off the main oil fields, will go to Jordan, thereby forming some Arab Hashemite Kingdom. Kurdish Republic will appear in the North. And in order for it not to have any inclinations towards the creation of the Great Kurdistan by uniting with the Kurds of Turkey, Syria and Iran, it will be under the control of "the world community". Under these circumstances neither Jordan nor Kuwait will become strong enough to challenge the States in the future; and the US will take care of its military presence and urgent import of "democratic values". At the same time the US will balance Saudi Arabia after the relations with that country went somewhat bad lately. And for many years to come the Kurdish Republic in the North will become the subject of America's intervention and "care", for from the moment of its birth it will become the center of instability because of the claims from Turkey, Syria and Iran.
DIVIDE ET IMPERA - divide and govern, the old principle of Imperial policies in action.
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