came from Africa?
Monday, August 13, 2001
LETTER FROM: Celtaca@webtv.net
Share your views on Race and History Forum
I saw your old misinformed site about Asians coming from Africa,
perhaps you did not see the special about this topic on the Discovery Channel,
it has already been confirmed through genetic testing of a Homoerectus found
in Asia that Asians descended from the Homoerectus. And of course it also
featured that Native Indians and Caucasians both alike descended from Asians
with geographical differences changing us sightly physically over a period of
about 45,000 years.
The Out of Africa theory maybe true but only for the black race most likely.
EDITOR: Amon Hotep
It is not the most pleasant thing to have to admit that all manner of people
including the vile and corrupt came out of Africa and are part of the same
human family. Sometimes I feel it may have been nice if other flawed theories were true. But as nature also intended for
humans to learn from the shortcomings and successes of each other, I see
purpose in design, and then all is well.
Many today, in light of all the information and technology still need educating and civilizing.
Visit AmonHotep.com and HowComYouCom.com for more information.
Here are a few links and comments:
An Ancient Link to Africa Lives on in Bay of Bengal
Author: Nicholas Wade, December 11, 2002
Source: The New York Times
More from: HowComYouCom.com
Skin Comes in Colors
African Artifacts Suggest an Earlier Modern Human
December 02, 2001
By John Noble Wilford NY Times
More than 70,000 years ago, people occupied a cave in a high cliff facing the Indian Ocean at the tip of South Africa. They hunted grysbok, springbok and other game. They ate fish from the waters below them. In body and brain size, these cave dwellers were definitely anatomically modern humans.
Archaeologists are now finding persuasive evidence that these people were taking another important step toward modernity. They were turning animal bones into tools and finely worked weapon points, a skill more advanced in concept and application than the making of the usual stone tools. They were also engraving some artifacts with symbolic marks — manifestations of abstract and creative thought and, presumably, communication through articulate speech.
The new discoveries at Blombos Cave, 200 miles east of Cape Town, are turning long-held beliefs upside down. MORE
September 27, 2000
Earliest presence of humans in east Asia
By BBC News Online's Helen Briggs
Stone tools dated to 1.36 million years ago provide the earliest evidence yet of human occupation of northeast Asia.
The tools, which were found at an ancient settlement in northern China, show that early humans were able to adapt to extremes of temperature relatively early in their history.
The crude implements were likely to have been made by early humans known as Homo erectus, a predecessor to our own species, Homo sapiens.
According to many scientists, Homo erectus was the first early human to move out of Africa to populate Asia and Europe.
The tools were found as far as 40 degrees north - at Xiaochangliang in the Nihewan Basin, north China.
This comes as a surprise because the area was thought to be inhospitable to early humans of the time, which were used to warmer climes. It suggests that early humans emerged from the tropics with an inbuilt ability to adapt to their environment. More
August 28, 2000
DNA analysis tracks Silk Road forbears
Modern humans migrated out of Africa into Central Asia before spreading both
east and west into North America and Europe, says an international team of
scientists who have used modern DNA analysis to trace ancient migrations.
"Around 40-50,000 years ago, Central Asia was full of tropical trees, a
good place for hunting and fishing," said Nadira Yuldasheva of the
Institute of Immunology at the Academy of Sciences, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
Dr Wells and his colleagues believe that their work also traces the expansion
of the Indo-Iranian people known as the Kurgan civilisation, or more popularly
"We have a diagnostic Indo-Iranian marker," he said, referring to
one of the Y-chromosome mutations. More
August 13, 2001
Major genomic mitochondrial lineages delineate
early human expansions
After the out of Africa, modern humans first spread to Asia following two main
routes. The southern one is represented by haplogroup M and related clades
that are overwhelmingly present in India and eastern Asia. The northern one
gave a posterior radiation that, through Central Asia, again reached North and
East Asia carrying, among others, the prominent lineages A and B. Later
expansions, can be detected by the presence of subclades of haplogroup U in
India and Europe. There were also returns to Africa, most probably from the
same two routes. The return from India could be detected by the presence of
derivatives of M in Northeast Africa, and the arrival of Caucasoids by the
existence of a subclade of haplogroup U that, today, is mainly confined to
Northwest Africa. Full
The prevailing view, known as the "Out of Africa" theory,
holds that modern humans evolved from a common Homo erectus ancestor in
Africa. Homo sapiens then left Africa and spread across the world, displacing
other hominid species such as Neanderthals.
The competing theory, called "regional continuity," contends
that Homo erectus came out of Africa and modern humans evolved from Homo
erectus in several different places - what are now Africa, Europe and Asia -
with interbreeding between the regions. More
Pre-Human Skull Found in Georgia (Yahoo)
Tuesday August 14, 2001
Homo ergaster falls in between the more primitive Homo habilis and Homo
erectus, a robust creature with advanced stone tools that most scientists
thought was the first to move out of Africa to populate Asia and Europe.
Modern humans originated in Africa. From there bands of hominids migrated
first to the Middle East, then throughout Europe and into Asia.
But exactly who moved away? A single population of already-evolved Homo
sapiens? Or did several groups of more primitive humans migrate separately,
then evolve independently into the modern variety?
Evolutionary geneticists struggle with this question, scrutinizing DNA samples
from around the world for tell-tale variations. Until recently, they have
relied heavily on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Now, new studies using nuclear
DNA are changing the debate. http://www.rps.psu.edu/0101/africa.html
OUT OF AFRICA,
A debate of long-standing interest in human evolution centers around whether
archaic human populations (such as the Neanderthals) have contributed to the
modern gene pool. A model of ancient population structure with recent mixing
is introduced, and it is determined how much information (i.e., sequence data
from how many unlinked nuclear loci) would be necessary to distinguish between
different demographic scenarios. It is found that ~50-100 loci are necessary
if plausible parameter estimates are used. There are not enough data available
at the present to support either the "single origin" or the "multiregional"
model of modern human evolution. However, this information should be available
in a few years.
Here are some links from that program. Please try reading:
For more information, please
read Latest Homo erectus of Java: Potential Contemporaneity with Homo sapiens
in Southeast Asia, in the journal Science.
Canadian analysis challenges theory of human evolution
The "Nanjing Man" finding was recently published by the respected
U.S. journal Science, which said the "Nanjing Man" dating was
consistent and would now allow a more accurate assessment of early migration
out of Africa and Asian evolution.
Evidence suggests that Homo erectus arrived in Asia from Africa almost 2
million years ago, and evolved there in isolation, possibly surviving up to
less than 50,000 years ago, when modern humans moved in.
From a variety of different hominids one emerged 2 million years ago, Homo
ergaster, 'working man'. These early people were carnivores and predators, and
began to move out of Africa into the Middle East, Europe and Asia.
research supports 'out of Africa' theory of human origin May 11, 2001
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