U.S.Crusade | RaceandHistory | RastaTimes | HowComYouCom | News Links | Trini Soca | Africa Speaks
Trinicenter.com Trinicenter.com Trinidad and Tobago News
Online Forums
Create an AccountHome | Account | World News  

International Watch
  • Home
  • AvantGo
  • Feedback
  • Search
  • Stories Archive
  • Submit News

  • Categories
  • Africa Focus
  • Arab Spring
  • Audio & Video
  • Book Review
  • Caribbean
  • Inside U.S.A.
  • Invasion of Iraq
  • Israel-Palestine
  • Latin America
  • Medical
  • Pakistan
  • Pandora's Box
  • Racism Watch
  • Satire
  • US War on Iran
  • War and Terror
  • War on Russia
  • War on Syria
  • World Focus
  • Zimbabwe

  • Old Articles
    Saturday, January 07
    · Media Hype Fake News Report Claiming Russian US Election Hacking
    Friday, December 02
    · What can go wrong?
    · Cuba, Fidel, Socialism … Hasta la victoria siempre!
    Sunday, November 13
    · George Soros Financed Anti-Trump Protests
    · Clinton Is the Most Dangerous Person Alive
    Sunday, October 09
    · Always remember
    Tuesday, September 27
    · He Who Hesitates Is Lost And Russia Hesitated
    Thursday, August 18
    · US Impunity under threat: Turkey may disintegrate NATO
    Monday, July 11
    · Made Man in a Blue Vest: Deray McKesson
    Saturday, June 25
    · Why the British said no to Europe
    Saturday, June 18
    · U.S. Sets Stage for Libya-Like Regime Change in Eritrea, “Africa’s Cuba”
    Monday, June 06
    · Muhammad Ali: My Name, Not Yours
    Friday, June 03
    · There Has Been A Coup In Brazil
    Saturday, May 28
    · Silencing America as It Prepares for War
    Friday, May 27
    · The Looting Stage of Capitalism: Germany’s Assault on the IMF
    Wednesday, May 25
    · Get Real: Petrodollars, not corruption is the reason for Brazilian coup
    · Russia Denounces External Forces for Crisis in Venezuela
    Tuesday, May 24
    · Call It a 'Coup': How Elite Orchestrated Overthrow in Brazil
    Thursday, May 19
    · Hillary Clinton’s Race Problem
    · Roots of the Conflict: Palestine’s Nakba in the Larger Arab ‘Catastrophe’

    Older Articles

    Features

    Sudan''s Crisis

    Zimbabwe: Land Reform and Mugabe

    U.S Coup in Haiti

    Venezuela and Chavez


      
    Africa Focus: Zimbabwe: Sophists for sanctions
    Posted on Friday, February 19 @ 03:41:56 UTC
    Topic: Zimbabwe
    ZimbabweBy Stephen Gowans
    February 19, 2010 - gowans.wordpress.com


    Tony Hawkins, a professor of economics at the University of Zimbabwe, thinks that Western sanctions on Zimbabwe should be maintained but that their effects "are minimal" and that "their continued existence really plays into the hands of some people in Zanu-PF."

    You would think, then, that Hawkins would favor the lifting of sanctions. After all, why continue to play into the hands of Zanu-PF, if, like Hawkins, you're opposed to the party, its direction and its program, and the sanctions' effects are minimal anyway?

    For decades, supporters of the U.S. economic war on Cuba have lied that a near total U.S. blockade of the island has had little effect on the Cuban economy. On the contrary, they say, the blockade has actually worked against the U.S., by handing Fidel Castro, and now his brother, Raul, a way of diverting attention from their "failed" economic policies. The Castros, they say, blame Cuba's problems on the blockade and thus evade responsibility for their much larger role in crippling the island's economy.

    Yet none of these people has recommended that the blockade be lifted, a measure you would think Cuba-opponents would immediately latch onto for its supposed benefits in making clear to Cubans that socialism, not the U.S. blockade, is the source of their poverty, something that might impel them to fulfill U.S. foreign policy goals by overturning socialism. So, why aren't these people, if they truly believe what they're saying, pressing for the blockade to be lifted?

    The answer is simple: they don't really believe the blockade has minimal effects, but have to say it does, so they can blame Cuba's poverty on the Castros.

    Likewise, people like Hawkins don't really believe sanctions on Zimbabwe have minimal effects, but have to say they do, so they can blame Zimbabwe's economic troubles on Zanu-PF policies, particularly land reform.

    Hawkins acknowledges his position is "a bit of a contradiction" (a bit?) but that he opposes the lifting of sanctions because ending them "would convince Zanu-PF that they are winning and make them even more intransigent than they are already."

    But you would think that if the effects of the sanctions were truly minimal, that Hawkins could scarcely care if lifting them allowed Zanu-PF something so insignificant as to think it was winning, when, by being denied the sanctions issue, it would really be losing. For how could Zanu-PF blame Zimbabwe's troubles on sanctions if sanctions no longer existed? Surely, Hawkins can see that ending the sanctions has little downside (the effects are minimal anyway, he says) and a huge upside (Mugabe would no longer be able to blame the country's difficulties on sanctions.)

    To be effective, a sanctions regime requires more than sanctions alone. It also requires an understanding of the sanctions' effects: are they devastating the economy or only creating inconvenience for a few highly placed political operatives? And what is the cause of the country's economic woes: sanctions or failed policies?

    The purpose of sanctions is to force a change of government. It's critical that the people the sanctions are imposed on attribute the effects of the sanctions to their government's policies, not to the sanctions themselves, otherwise, they won't act to change their government, as the imposers of the sanctions intend.

    This is where Hawkins comes in. Washington, London and the E.U. impose sanctions to wreck the economy. Hawkins' task is to persuade Zimbabweans that sanctions aren't devastating, and that the problems Zimbabweans face, come from within the country (Zanu-PF's policies), not outside (sanctions). But in trying to make his case, he ties himself into knots – just as proponents of the U.S. blockade on Cuba do.

    Hawkins wants Zanu-PF gone for the same reason the U.S. State Department, Whitehall and other supporters of the U.S. blockade on Cuba want the Castros gone: to create political jurisdictions congenial to Western investors, where the interests of the domestic population don't matter. Hawkins says Zimbabweans "need a return to conditions that will attract investment that will foster confidence and so on."

    A return? Does he mean to go backward, to a time when the land and resources were in the hands of the British and their descendants, when indigenous Zimbabweans were relegated to roles as farm-workers, miners and employees, never owners?

    It should be recalled that the British government, in the person of Clare Short, refused to back Zimbabwe's fast-track land reform program because returning the land to the people British settlers stole it from would, she said, damage "prospects for attracting investment."

    Returning to conditions that will attract investment is code for undoing Zimbabwe's land reform program, and giving the country back to the British. Making the case for so regressive a program could only rest on the kind of sophistry Hawkins, and other promoters of neo-colonialism, are prepared to try to bamboozle the Zimbabwe population with. Pity for them they keep tripping over their own contradictions.

    Source: gowans.wordpress.com


     
    Related Links
    · More about Zimbabwe
    · News by admin


    Most read story about Zimbabwe:
    The fallacy of the whiteman's burden


    Article Rating
    Average Score: 0
    Votes: 0

    Please take a second and vote for this article:

    Excellent
    Very Good
    Good
    Regular
    Bad


    Options

     Printer Friendly Printer Friendly



    Homepage | Trinidad News | Africa Speaks | U.S.Crusade | Fair Use Notice


    Copyright © 2002-2014 Trinicenter.com
    Trinicenter.com is a 100% non-profit Website
    You can syndicate our news using the file backend.php or ultramode.txt
    All logos, trademarks, articles and comments are property of their respective owners.
    PHP-Nuke Copyright © 2004 by Francisco Burzi. This is free software, and you may redistribute it under the GPL.
    PHP-Nuke comes with absolutely no warranty, for details, see the license.
    Page Generation: 0.33 Seconds