Definition : Negritude is a literary ideological movement started in 1934 by Afrikan-Caribbean-French-speaking poets/authors "to break away from French culture and to give creative identity and expression to an inner, Afrikan self that had been suppressed and hidden away; it represents cultural/linguistic de-colonization/revolution.
Leopold Sedar Senghor defines Negritude as "the sum total of the Afrikan social, political and cultural values of Afrikan civilization."
In the past, the "French had justified cultural assimilation on the erroneous premise that Afrikans had neither history nor culture of their own. Negritude is essentially a reaction against the French theory of assimilation."
Negritude is also a nationalistic process whereby Afrikan people who have been cut off from and made to despise their own Afrikan roots/heritage, learn to know themselves, come to accept themselves and begin to believe in themselves again.
Negritude represents the process from historical-ancestral-cultural dislocation (powerlessness) to historical-ancestral-cultural location (empoverment).