Dr. Kwame Nantambu
September 20, 2007
i. In July 1900, Trinidad lawyer Henry Sylvester Williams had the
conviction that the "problems of Black folk in England were largely based
on racism," he coined the word "Pan-African." Pan = ALL
ii. Definition: Pan Africanism is "an aid to the promotion of national
self-determination among Africans under African leadership for the benefit
of the Africans themselves"
Dr. W.E.B Du Bois.
George Padmore Trinidadian "the idea of Pan Africanism first arose as a
manifestation of fraternal solidarity among Africans and people of African
Kwame Ture: "the total liberation and unification of Africa under
iii. Julius K. Nyerere Tanzania: "the Pan African movement or struggle was
born as a reaction to racialism."
Purpose of Pan -Africanism - The total liberation of all Africans
peoples; it seeks unity, stability a sense of self, community, self
determination, self-reliance, common destiny and confraternity among all
African peoples and peoples of African descent.
iv. Pan - African Conferences:
1. PAC 2/ 1919 - France
2. PAC 1921 - Britain, Brussels, Norway
3. PAC 11-12/ 1923 Britain, Norway
4. PAC 1921 - U.S.A
5. PAC 13-15/10/ 1945 - England
6. PAC 6/ 1974 - Tanzania
7. PAC 8/ 1994 - Nigeria
v. Geo - political significance of 5 PAC: 1945
I. Africans took over PACs and future PACs held in Africa not Europe as
II. Kwame Nkrumah and George Padmore adopted pro-active, revolutionary
anti-colonial approach. Du Bois adopted a non-violent, reactionary
III. Geo- politicization of the movement.
IV. 90 delegates attended; National Council of Nigeria, Labour Party of
Grenada, W.I. People's National Party plus T.R. Makonnen, Peter Abrahams.
C.L.R. James and Jomo Kenyatta
a. Did not ask for favours, recognition and racial equality from European
b. Demanded an end to Euro-colonialism in Africa; precipitate the
c. Resolved that the masses must be organized through trade unions and
d. Resolutions passed: "The Challenge to the Colonial Powers" "Colonialzed
is determined to use force as a last resort to achieve freedom."
"Declaration to the Colonial Workers, Farmers and Intellectuals"
"Africans should use strikes and boycotts to achieve political
independence/freedom" and "Declaration to the Colonial People" emphasized the right of all colonial people to control their own destiny. All colonies must be free from foreign imperialist control.
Dr. Kwame Nantambu is a part-time lecturer at Cipriani College of Labour
and Co-operative Studies and University of the West Indies.
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